Weekly First-aid Topic: Early detection of signs of myocardial infarction to gain valuable time for treatment
From:Beijing Municipal Health Commission

Recently, the Yungang First Aid Station in Fengtai District received an emergency mission at noon. A patient with chest pain and difficulty breathing was in urgent need of rescue. The crew immediately set off to the scene. On their way, the doctor called the patient's family to inquire about the condition and told the patient to avoid strenuous exercise.

After arriving at the scene, the crew immediately gave the patient an electrocardiogram, which showed "acute myocardial infarction". The crew raced against time to carry out rescue operations. Afterwards, the crew worked together to carry the patient to the ambulance safely. The doctor quickly contacted a nearby hospitals with the capacity to treat the patient and established a green channel. The nurse established the intravenous access for the patient with skilled techniques. The stretcher bearer secured the patient safely, and the driver drove the ambulance to the destination hospital smoothly. The entire team cooperated tacitly, gaining valuable time for further timely treatment of the patient in the hospital.

Time is of the essence in treating patients with acute myocardial infarction. The timely treatment of patients with myocardial infarction can relieve coronary obstruction as soon as possible, which not only saves the patient's life and minimizes myocardial necrosis, but also improves the prognosis and the patient's quality of life.

Here are some recommendations from 120. A sudden myocardial infarction is life-threatening. If there are early signs, it is necessary to pay attention to treatment in time. There are the signs that are easily ignored, including a binding feeling in the chest like being wrapped with tape, hearing loss and buzzing in both ears, toothache, headache, and pain around the navel, pining pain in the soles of the feet, soreness pain in left shoulder blade, left upper limb, and left leg, as well as long-term dizziness or sudden fatigue and drowsiness. If the above situation occurs, it is necessary to pay attention and take medical examination. When acute symptoms such as chest pain and tightness accompanied by profuse sweating, severe squeezing pain behind the sternum or precordium occur, the patient should stay in bed, stay quiet, take nitroglycerin under the tongue or inhale nitroglycerin spray, and call 120 immediately to seek help from first-aid professionals.