Weekly First-aid Topic: Pay attention to mental health in spring
From:Beijing Municipal Health Commission

In spring, the climate is changeable, the air pressure is low and it's often rainy. It is easy to get "mental cold". Spring is the most dangerous season for patients with mental illness, and is a period when depression-related suicides happen frequently. Statistics show that about 15% of patients with depression die by suicide. Depression patients generally experience low mood, slow thinking, decreased volitional activity, and physical symptoms.

The recurrence of mental disorders during the period from March to May is extremely high, accounting for approximately 70% of the annual recurrence rate. It is mainly because patients are very sensitive to weather changes in temperature, air pressure, and humidity. At this time, the temperature fluctuations are relatively large, and the air pressure is low in spring, which can easily cause brain hormone secretion disorders and lead to depression recurrence. Some patients feel that the weather is getting warmer and they stop or reduce their medication without permission, which can easily lead to relapse. Therefore, family members should urge patients to take medicines on time and in the right amount. It is recommended to learn to observe the characteristics of disease relapse. If the patient suddenly becomes depressed, taciturn, sleepless, or has high mood with no fatigue, inattentive, nosy, etc. compared with the usual status, it should be taken seriously and go to the hospital in time.

How to prevent spring depression? It is recommended to clean your room regularly, open the doors and windows when the weather is sunny, and buy some warm trinkets to decorate your home. You can keep some green plants or flowers indoors or on your desk, and water them carefully every day. The vitality of plants will bring hope and energy to people. Excessive fatigue may lead to psychological imbalance and make your mood plummet. Therefore, when you feel overwhelmingly stressed, you can appropriately lower your requirements and expectations to reduce psychological pressure. You can keep a reasonable schedule, leaving some time for yourself every day to feel the happiness and joy you have. Appropriate exercise is also helpful to boost your spirit and regulate your mood. When you find yourself in a low mood, you could participate in sports activities, such as mountain climbing, running, playing balls or outing, to increase sunlight exposure to enhance your excitement and reduce or eliminate depression.

Here are some tips from Beijing 120. Actively seeking help from family and friends, participating in more social activities, and releasing negative feelings in a timely manner can effectively alleviate depression. If the depression persists and becomes serious, it is recommended to seek medical treatment and intervene promptly.