Weekly First-aid Topic: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Saving People Around
From:Beijing Municipal Health Commission

On January 9, 2024, Li Xinjie, a dispatch doctor at the dispatch and command center of the Beijing Emergency Center, received a call from a staff member of a company, informing her that a guest suddenly fainted and fell to the ground unconsciously. Li Xinjie registered the address of the scene immediately and calmly and dispatched the nearest ambulance. She further confirmed the patient's condition and gave emergency instructions over the phone. The person who called the 120 was very cooperative and insisted on performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation according to the instructions on the phone. On the other side, an ambulance was rushing to the scene. After several minutes, the emergency crew arrived at the scene and immediately took over the CPR. On the way to the hospital, the crew members also cooperated fully and continued the rescue operations. When arriving at the hospital, the patient had regained his heartbeat and breathing. During the rescue process, the 120 dispatch doctor provided timely and effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidance, the on-site staff cooperated calmly and actively, and the emergency team worked together to save the patient. Their perfect teamwork bought precious time to save the patient's life, and finally regain the health of the patient’s heart.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an emergency technique used to rescue patients with cardiac arrest or respiratory arrest at the scene of the onset. Temporary artificial blood circulation and breathing movements are formed through chest compression and artificial respiration to keep the patient's heart, brain and other important organs functioning, to improve the success rate of cardiac arrest rescue. 4-6 minutes after the heart stops, irreversible damage to the cerebral cortex begins. After 10 minutes, most of the brain tissue has become necrotic. The ultimate goal of cardiopulmonary resuscitation is to restore the patient's brain function, that is, to achieve cardiopulmonary brain resuscitation.

Beijing 120 reminds you that the key to brain resuscitation is to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation within 4 minutes of cardiac arrest. The period is also known as the "golden four minutes." Timely and standardized cardiopulmonary resuscitation can significantly improve the success rate. It is necessary to take actions to learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation together, and gain the ability to save people’s lives at critical moments!