Weekly Epidemic Report (from April 15, 2019 to April 21, 2019)
From:Beijing Municipal Health Commission
Date:05/05/2019

I. Epidemic situation 
During the 16th week of 2019 (from April 15, 2019 to April 21, 2019), there were a total of 13,150 cases of 18 kinds of legal infectious diseases reported, and 2 cases died in the city. The five diseases with a large number of cases are Influenza, Other Infectious Diarrhea, Tuberculosis, Syphilis and Viral Hepatitis, accounting for 97.51% of the reported cases of legal infectious diseases. 

II. Key epidemic situation 
According to the epidemic characteristics of infectious diseases in spring and summer in our city, in the future, the city will enter the season of high incidence of respiratory infectious diseases and intestinal infectious diseases. As of now, the overall incidence of measles and dysentery in the city is lower than the level of last year. The incidence of rubella, mumps, other infectious diarrhea and hand, foot and mouth disease has increased compared with the data of the same period of last year.
Hand, foot and mouth disease is one of the common infectious diseases caused by a variety of human enteroviruses. It occurs mostly in infants under 5 years of age. It may cause fever and blistering papules and ulcers in the hands, feet, mouth, etc. It can be healed by the body itself in about 7 days, but a few cases may develop into severe cases. Enterovirus can be transmitted through the gastrointestinal tract, or through the respiratory tract (droplets, cough, sneezing, etc.), or from contact with oral and nasal secretions, skin or mucous membranes, and contaminated hands and articles. Due to the intensive personnel in schools and kindergartens, aggravative incidence of hand, foot and mouth disease is prone to occur there. Therefore, parents are advised to pay attention to children's health status while advocating good health habits. If symptoms such as fever or rash occur, it is advised to go to the nearest medical institution in time. Parents are also encouraged to vaccinate children at suitable age with vaccine for type 71 enterovirus to prevent hand, foot and mouth disease caused by enterovirus 71. Schools and child care institutions should continue to do inspections at morning and noon, daily disinfection and health education, and report cases of rashes and fevers in time to ensure early detection, reporting and treatment of clustered epidemics.