Weekly Epidemic Report (from February 25, 2019 to March 3, 2019)
From:Beijing Municipal Health Commission
Date:03/12/2019

I. Epidemic situation 
During the 9th week of 2019 (from February 25, 2019 to March 3, 2019), there were a total of 5,228 cases of 15 kinds of legal infectious diseases reported, and 5 cases died in the city. The five diseases with a large number of cases are Influenza, Other Infectious Diarrhea, Tuberculosis, Viral Hepatitis and Syphilis, accounting for 94.97% of the reported cases of legal infectious diseases. 

II. Key epidemic situation 
This week, the epidemic situation of infectious diseases in the city was generally stable, and Influenza and Other Infectious Diarrhea were the main diseases, accounting for 87% of the cases. The incidence of Influenza is the highest among children aged 7 and under, followed by the 20-39 age group. Other Infectious Diarrhea Diseases are concentrated in children under 3 years old. With the arrival of spring, the temperature rises and the temperature difference between day and night is increased, and the city will enter the high season of infectious diseases in spring. Although the number of reported cases of Influenza this week has increased slightly, the overall trend will continue to decline.
Recently, it is reported that there were measles outbreaks in the United States, the Philippines and other countries. The main reason for the outbreak was that some local children’s parents refused to vaccinate their children with measles vaccine, which led to the accumulation of immune blanks. According to analysis of experts, the peak of measles epidemics in our city usually occurs in the period of March to May, and the current incidence is relatively stable. In order to reduce the risk of transmission, it is recommended that patients, especially children, should wear masks when entering the clinic. Parents who find themselves or their children with fever, cough and other symptoms, and red rashes in the back of the ears, neck, trunk and other parts of the limbs, should go to the hospital as soon as possible to see a doctor, and the child should wear a mask. People who have recently traveled to the measles epidemic areas such as the United States should pay attention to personal protection. Residents who have not had measles and have not been vaccinated against measles are at risk of being infected. They can be vaccinated against measles one month before the trip. In addition, medical staff should master the knowledge of measles diagnosis and prevention, and improve the awareness of disinfection and isolation and prevention of hospital infection.