Weekly Epidemic Report (from January 7, 2019 to January 13, 2019)
From:Beijing Municipal Health Commission


I. Epidemic situation

During the 2nd week of 2019 (from January 7, 2019 to January 13, 2019), there were a total of 30,989 cases of 14 kinds of legal infectious diseases reported, and 3 cases died in the city. The five diseases with a large number of cases are Influenza, Other Infectious Diarrhea, Tuberculosis, Viral Hepatitis and Syphilis, accounting for 99.14% of the reported cases of legal infectious diseases.


II. Key epidemic situation

Since the 51st week of 2018, the number of influenza cases reported in the city has risen rapidly. At present, the city has entered the peak period of influenza, but the epidemic intensity is lower than the same period of last year, which is consistent with the characteristics of seasonal influenza. According to the analysis of monitoring data of previous years, it is expected that the peak season of influenza will continue until the end of January. The report of influenza cases of this week was dominated by children and students under 15 years of age, accounting for 58% of the reported cases. It is recommended that the general public do a good job of preventing influenza for children from the following aspects. 1. Develop habits for personal hygiene, wash hands frequently especially before and after meals, touching the eyes and nose, and wash your hands after going home. The house should be ventilated to keep the air fresh. 2. The students in the exam preparation week are under great pressure. They should eat three meals regularly, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, pay attention to increase or decrease clothing, strengthen exercise and ensure sleep. 3. Children with flu in the family should take the medicine and rest at home according to the doctor's advice. When the body temperature returns to normal and other flu-like symptoms disappear, the student should come back to class after 48 hours. At the same time, we must pay attention to the changes in the condition of the child, and if symptoms such as persistent high fever and difficulty breathing appear, they should seek medical advice promptly. Family members should take the initiative to strengthen personal protection. 4. Nursery schools and other schools should continue to implement daily routine measures for prevention and control of influenza, to prevent teachers and students from attending classes with diseases to reduce the spread of the epidemic.

This week, other infectious diarrhea cases reported that 72% of children under 5 years of age were affected. Remind parents and child care institutions, schools and other collective units to pay attention to the flu, but also to prevent and control viral infectious diarrhea. Symptoms of viral diarrhea such as vomiting and diarrhea should be treated at home, and vomiting should be standardized. It is recommended that families, schools, and child care institutions do a good job in drinking water and food safety management, and develop good habits for children to maintain personal hygiene and pay attention to food hygiene.