Weekly First-aid Topic: How to deal with coma?
From:Beijing Municipal Health Commission

Coma is different from the loss of consciousness or syncope, which refers to a persistent unconscious state. A coma can appear suddenly, or occur gradually and slowly. It can be caused by trauma, excessive alcohol consumption or drug use, and it may be related to some diseases.
There are many reasons for coma, such as head trauma, stroke, heart attack, cerebral hemorrhage, skull fracture, low blood oxygen level, poisoning, hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, hyperpyretic convulsion in children, fainting, epilepsy, etc. Due to its variety in causes, coma should be dealt with carefully.
Here are the first-aid methods for coma. The patient should lie low. It is advised to check the patient’s consciousness and dial the 120 emergency call in time. You should also check the patient’s breathing and pulse and put his or her head on its side. It is necessary to clear the foreign matter of the respiratory tract to keep the airway open. If there is no breathing and the heart stops beating, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be performed immediately.
If the patient quickly recovers consciousness, it is also necessary to pay close attention to the patient response. It is advised to loosen the clothes obstructing breathing, and do not let the patient consume food or water. The patient can keep recumbent position to keep the airway open and wait for the arrival of the 120 ambulance. It is necessary to master first aid knowledge for our life safety.