Weekly First-aid Topic: Upper respiratory tract infections of children
From:Beijing Municipal Health Commission


These days, Beijing has entered into late winter. Acute upper respiratory tract infections of children also occur frequently. What can parents do in dealing with this disease?

The acute upper respiratory tract infections of children are commonly known as "cold". According to the different parts of the infection, it can be diagnosed as acute rhinitis, acute pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis and other diseases. Most children with this disease may have symptoms such as stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, cough, sore throat, pharyngeal congestion and tonsil swelling. Systemic symptoms may include fever, headache, general malaise, fatigue, irritability and so on. When the fever occurs, the body temperature can be as high as 39-40 degrees, and the fever may last for 3 days to a week or so. The high fever may cause febrile seizures in the first two days.

What can parents do? The child's temperature is not indicative of the severity of the disease. For children with high fever, repeatedly changing body temperature, or other symptoms, parents should not feed the children any antipyretic drug casually. If the child's fever persists and spirits are drooping, it is suggested to take your child to see a doctor and get proper diagnosis and treatment. Improving children's own immunity and cold resistance is the key to preventing upper respiratory tract infections in winter. When the weather is good, it is advised to take children out for outdoor activities in the sun. Children are active in nature and the thickness of their clothes should be moderate to avoid being more susceptible to cold after sweating. It is advised to make the child take more rest, drink plenty of water and have more vitamin C.