Weekly First-aid Topic: Using correct first aid methods for sudden death and "bloodletting" is not reliable
From:Beijing Municipal Health Commission


On the morning of November 7, Beijing 120 received a call of sudden death. When the emergency personnel arrived at the scene, the patient had no vital signs. The doctors immediately carried out rescue measures such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation for about half an hour, but they still failed to save the patient’s life. It is reported that the patient died at home around 8 am in the morning. His mother called 120 emergency calls and asked an "old doctor" in Shijiazhuang. According to his guidance, she tried to feed the patient with sweet potato and ginseng soup but failed. When the emergency doctor arrived at the scene for rescue, the family still follow the guidance from the "old doctor" to conduct bloodletting to the patient's fingers, toes and earlobes the same time, and ultimately failed to save the patient's life.

The only and most effective first aid method is immediate CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) to patient with sudden cardiac arrest. It is advised to place the patient on a solid plane, kneel on the patient's side, clean up the foreign body such as vomit and sputum in the mouth, open the airway and do artificial respiration and chest compression. It is necessary to call 120 emergency calls in time and continue to rescue before the emergency doctor arrives.

If the patient is unconscious, it is easy to cause suffocation by feeding soup. Bloodletting therapy is only a way to stimulate the patient's pain to make him or her awake. In the face of a patient who has already died suddenly, obviously, those methods will not play any role in treatment, but will delay the rescue time.