Weekly First-aid Topic: First aid of hypoglycemia
From:Beijing Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning


When the hypoglycemia occurs, there will be symptoms like sweating, rapid heartbeat, numbness of hands and feet, even epilepsy and coma. The patient should be given sugary food immediately. If the symptoms were not eased in a quarter of an hour, the patient should be sent to the hospital for treatment. Diabetic patients with long-term use of hypoglycemic drugs should keep a balanced diet and do not increase or decrease the amount of drugs at will to prevent hypoglycemia coma. As for causes of diabetic coma, in addition to hypoglycemia, a significant increase in blood glucose can also cause ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar coma. If coma occurs to a diabetic patient, do not blindly feed sugary food and blood glucose should be measured first.

After drinking, a large amount of alcohol is absorbed into the blood to stimulate the secretion of insulin by the pancreatic cells, which lowers the blood glucose concentration. When ethanol enters the liver, it can inhibit the decomposition of liver glycogen and promote hypoglycemia. When you are fasting, the absorption of ethanol is faster in speed and more in amount and hypoglycemia is more likely to occur. Therefore, when drinking in a fasting condition, hypoglycemia is prone to occur.