Weekly First-aid Topic: Preventing Heatstroke in Hot Summer
From:Beijing Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning


Recently, the weather in Beijing continues to be clear and cloudless with continuous high temperature. The maximum temperature remains above 35 degrees for consecutive days. In extremely hot weather like this, what types of heatstroke are there and what emergency measures can be taken?

Heat stroke can be divided into mild and severe heatstroke. Mild heatstroke is manifested as dizziness, headache, flushing, thirst, excessive sweating, general malaise, palpitations, rapid pulse, inability to concentrate, and uncoordinated movement. Symptoms of severe heatstroke include febrile convulsion, heat exhaustion and thermoplegia.

The main manifestations of thermoplegia are muscle pain or convulsions. Dealing with thermoplegia, patients should sit quietly in a cool place to rest and drink fruit juices or sports drinks. If the patient has a history of heart disease or the status of thermoplegia after one hour has not faded, he must quickly seek medical advice.

The rapid onset of thermoplegia may reflect in dizziness, vomiting, spasms, fainting and other symptoms. It is advised to give the patient cool and non-alcoholic beverage, take a cold shower or wipe the body of the patient, open air conditioner, and put on light clothes. If the symptoms were severe and accompanied by heart disease or high blood pressure, please seek medical attention immediately.

Thermoplegia have various manifestations, such as dizziness, nausea, high body temperature (body temperature greater than 39.5 degrees Celsius), red and hot skin, dryness, sweat, and cold. The patient should be moved to a cool place, wipe the body with cool water to quickly cool the body. Do not give the patient water and call 120 quickly.