Weekly First-aid Topic: This Indicator is Essential to Prevent Myocardial Infarction
From:Beijing Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning


Chest pain is commonly seen in acute myocardial infarction. But there may also be indigestion, gastrointestinal discomfort, shoulder and arm ache, jaw ache, toothache and so on in this disease. Angina pectoris and myocardial infarction both fall into the category of coronary heart diseases. Generally speaking, it is angina pectoris if the pain disappears in 15 minutes. But if a patient suffers from persistent pain, it is highly suspected that it is acute myocardial infarction.

Blood lipid is the indicator you should get control of to prevent myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction is caused by complete obstruction of the coronary artery of the nutritional myocardium, resulting in myocardial ischemia and hypoxia, which leads to necrosis of some myocardium, and some myocardium will be "fainted".

Coronary artery obstruction mainly arises from the "destruction" of LDL cholesterol in blood lipid, that is what we call the “bad cholesterol”. Therefore, it is important to regularly measure our blood lipid indicators. Here are some recommendations. 1. Ischemic cardiovascular disease patients and other high-risk groups should measure their blood lipids once every 6 months. 2. Men over the age of 40 and post-menopausal women should test their blood lipid annually. 3. Adults over 20-year-old should measure their blood lipid at least every 5 years.