Weekly First-aid Topic: Frequently Biting Tongue Foreshadows Stroke
From:Beijing Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning


Acute cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are relatively easy to be induced in winter. In fact, uncoordinated movements in life, such as frequent biting tongue while having food and missing food while clipping, may foreshadow strokes.

Strokes are divided into two types, i.e. ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Ischemic stroke is also known as "cerebral infarction". A popular explanation of cerebral infarction is that blood vessels were blocked, stopping blood from flowing. Some of the stoppers are vascular diseases blocking local vessels, some are "debris" (emboli) come from elsewhere directly blocking in the blood vessels. Hemorrhagic stroke, also known as "cerebral hemorrhage", refers to blood flow from broken blood vessels to the brain tissue, which is also called "cerebral hemorrhage." If the blood flows to the subarachnoid space, the disease can be called subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Here are four approaches to quickly identify stroke, the abbreviations of which are FAST.

▲ Face sagging, which refers to drooping or facial numbness on one side of the face. To diagnose, you can require patients to smile.

▲ Arm weakness, which refers to weakness or numbness on one side of the arms. To diagnose, you can require patients to raise their arms to see if they can put down one arm.

▲ Speak is strange (language barrier), which means the patients speak unclearly, cannot speak or even have difficulties in expressing themselves. To diagnose, you can ask patients to repeat a simple statement, such as "the sky is blue" to see if it is normal.

▲ Time to immediately call 120. If one of these symptoms above appears, please immediately call 120. Even if the symptoms have disappeared, the patients still need to go to the hospital for examination.