Weekly First-aid Topic: Prevention and Treatment for Common Infectious Diseases of Children
From:Beijing Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning


It is the season of multiple infectious diseases. Nowadays children have poor immunity and self-protection awareness. In this article, we will introduce several ways of prevention and treatment of common infectious diseases of children.

Influenza is an extremely contagious respiratory disease with an incubation period of usually 1 to 3 days, with symptoms including high fever, headache, sore muscles, fatigue, runny nose, cough and sore throat. Children can also show gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Most people with flu cannot be cured within 1-2 weeks. If you take antiviral drugs within 48 hours after appearance of symptoms, you can ease the symptoms and shorten the disease course for 1-2 days.

Herpes zoster is an infectious disease caused by human enteroviruses, which is commonly seen in children under the age of 5. Patients usually show sudden fever, sustaining or repeated high fever, with gray herpes only in mouth and pharynx and rare in other parts of the body. Herpes zoster can be orally transmitted by saliva, respiratory secretions, feces as well as contaminated hands, towels, cups, toys, milk and food utensils and bed linen. The virus can be spread through patients’ droplets of throat secretions and saliva. Contacting with or drinking contaminated water can also be infected. It is advised to promptly seek treatment after the appearance of relevant symptoms. It is necessary to pay attention to changes in patients’ temperature to prevent febrile seizures. Physical cooling or drug cooling can be used to bring down a fever.