Weekly First-aid Topic: How to Prepare a Home Emergency Kit?
From:Beijing Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning


Home kit can be used in a disaster for timely self-help. According to the situation in our country, emergency kits can be divided into five categories.

The first category is emergency medicine. Topical drugs including alcohol, iodophor, Yunnan Baiyao, eye drops, band-aid and etc. can be prepared for the timely treatment of trauma. Oral medicine such as cold medicine, stomach medicine to help digestion, antidiarrheal drugs and other commonly used drugs can be prepared. Some painkillers and anti-allergy drugs should be prepared, too. In addition, prescription drugs for hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, should be covered. In summer, it is recommended to prepare Rendan pills, Ten Drops and Huoxiangzhengqi.

Second, you should prepare first aid items such as alcohol disinfection tablets, bandages, gauze, scissors, medical tape, chemical ice packs, thermometers, hand disinfectant and disposable rubber gloves.

The third category contains emergency and protective equipments, such as whistles, light sticks, flashlights and so on. It is advised to prepare protective equipment including masks to protect the respiratory tract, goggles to protect the eyes, emergency blanket to prevent hypothermia and raincoats to ensure that the body does not get wet.

The fourth category covers copies of important documents. It is recommended to use sealed folder for copies of ID card, driver's license and other important personal documents and put some cash in it.

The fifth category contains food and drinking water. You can prepare some self-heating food, non-glass packaging canned food, compressed biscuits, as well as bottled distilled water or purified water, etc.

Special attention should be paid to ensuring that all items in the first-aid kit are regularly updated. Especially, medical supplies, food and water must be guaranteed to be used within the warranty period.