Weekly First-aid Topic: The “Catholicon” Aspirin
From:Beijing Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning


Aspirin is a classic medicine with a long history. It not only has the inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation, but also can be used as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic anti-rheumatic, thus being known as "a multi-functioning medicine". It is said on the internet that Aspirin is one of the three life-saving treasures, any suspected heart attack can be eased by immediately taking aspirin. But is aspirin really a “Catholicon”?
To prevent various ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, clinically many elderly people need to take aspirin for a long time. Indeed, low-dose aspirin has an anti-platelet aggregation effect. But for heart disease patients, aspirin should be taken according to their symptoms.
As a "life-saving medicine", aspirin can reduce the mortality rate by 20% -30% when used for emergency treatment of myocardial infarction. Chest pain guidelines in Europe suggest that patients with suspected myocardial infarction should immediately call the first aid and take aspirin meanwhile. On the contrary, aspirin is harmful to patients with gastrointestinal diseases or aortic dissection. Since non-professionals have limited knowledge on heart diseases, when suffering from a suspected heart attack, it is recommended to call 120 for first aid and take aspirin under the guidance of professionals.